含有主谓宾定状补的句子

语宇社区 19 1

  ?一:什么是主语?主语怎么用?请往下看,一目了然。

  主语表明这句话说的是谁和什么,主语主要由名词、代词或相当于名词的单词,短语或从句充当。

  1:名词作主语的情况

  David arrived last night. 大卫昨晚到达。

  Pride goes before a fall. 骄必败。

  2:代词作主语的情况。

  Who is speaking, please? (在电话中)请问您是谁?

  That's OK. 这没问题。

  3:数词作主语的情况

  Two will be enough. 两个就够了。

  Two-thirds of the workers are women. 三分之二的工人是女工。

  4: 动名词形式作主语

  Skating is good for health.溜冰对身体好。

  5:不定式作主语

  To be an actor is my dream.成为演员是我的梦想。

  6:名词化的形容词作主语

  The unemployed usually lead a hard life.

  失业的人生活一般很困难。

  7:短语作主语

  How to do well is an important question.

  如何把这件事做好是一个重要问题。

  Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy.

  早睡早起身体好。

  8:从句作主语

  Whether we'll go depends on the weather.

  我们是否去要看天气。?

  二:谓语,谓语是什么呢?谓语怎么用?

  谓语说明主语的动作或状态。谓语动词一般在主语之后。有时态的变化。常和情态动词,助动词,各种时态一起构成谓语。

  Some children asked for cold drinks.

  有些孩子要喝冷饮。

  I shall go to see him tomorrow.

  明天我要去看他。

  I must ask her to teach me to swim.

  我一定得请她教我游泳。?

  三:宾语

  宾语一般用在及物动词的后面,表示行为动词所涉及的对象。

  1:名词作宾语

  Show your ID card, please.

  请出示身份证。

  2:代词作宾语

  He didn't say anything.

  他什么也没说。

  3: 数词作宾语

  How many do you want? - I want two.

  你要几个?- 我要两个。

  4:名词化的形容词作宾语

  They sent the injured to hospital.

  他们把伤员送到医院。

  5:不定式或ing形式作宾语

  The asked to see my passport.

  他们要求看我的护照。

  I enjoy working with you.

  我和你们一道工作很愉快。

  6:从句作宾语

  Did you write down what he said?

  你把他的话记下了没有??

  四:表语

  表语是用来说明主语的身份、特征和状态的,它常位于联系动词(be, become, appear, seem等)之后。意思是:是什么,怎么样。

  1:名词作表语

  He is a boss

  2:代词作表语

  The book is mine.

  3:形容词作表语

  I feel much better today.

  4:数词作表语

  She was the first to learn about it.

  5:不定式或ing形式作表语

  Her job is selling computers.

  Our next step is to sleep well.

  6:介词短语作表语

  The patient is out of danger.

  7:副词作表语

  The sun is up

  I must be off now.

  8:从句作表语

  This is what he said.?五:定语

  定语相当于汉语里的形容词,起修饰作用。

  1:形容词作定语

  He's a tall man.

  2:名词作定语

  There are a lot of banana trees .(banana)

  3:数词作定语

  Three people watched the game

  4:限定词作定语

  Many men are working there.

  5:ing形式作定语

  There is a swimming pool near our school.

  6:ed分词作定语

  frozen food 冷冻食品

  fallen leaves 落叶

  六:状语:

  状语用来修饰动词,形容词,句子,表示时间,地点,原因,目的,方式,程度等。

  1:副词作状语

  Don't drive so fast.

  2:介词短语作地点状语

  We live in Hangzhou.

  3:名词作状语

  The meeting lasted an hour.

  七:接在动词之后对主语起着解释或描述作用的成分,叫作主补。

  1:形容词作主补

  They married young.

  他们结婚时还年轻。

  He died happy.

  他怀着幸福的心情死去。

  No man is born wise.

  没有生而知之。

  2:ed分词作主补

  He came in drunk.

  他走进来的时候醉醺醺的。

  3:名词作主补

  He died a poor man.

  他死时很穷。

  He died a millionaire.

  他死的时候是个百万富翁。

  八:宾补

  适用宾补的句型:

  主语+谓语+宾语+宾补(S+V+O+OC)

  宾补对宾语加以解释或描述。

  以下成分可以充当宾补:名词,代词,形容词,副词,ing形式,ed分词,不定式,介词短语,名词性从句。

  1:名词作宾补

  I consider him a gentleman.

  2:代词作宾补

  Whom do you think me?

  (Whom是宾补)

  3:形容词作宾补

  Wash your hands clean.

  4:副词作宾补

  I found him out.

  5:ing形式作宾补

  They left me wait.

  6:ed分词作宾补

  I heard my name called.

  7:不定式作宾补

  I thought him to be a good man.

  8:介词短语作宾补

  Make yourself at home.

  9:名词性从句作宾补

  His wife has made him what he is.

  学会学习,学会总结,我是湖北小高,谢谢阅读。含有主谓宾定状补的句子?

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2022-06-23 12:52:58

ft me wait.  6:ed分词作宾补  I heard my name called.  7:不定式作宾补  I thought him to be a good man.  8:介词短语作宾补  Make yourself at home.  9